As discussed yesterday in 2019 Global Humanitarian Overview: Part 1, the 2019 GHO not only sums up the year in review, it also charts the path of a wide range of humanitarian goals for the upcoming year.
The 2019 GHO sets the mood for the upcoming year, and attempts to address the ongoing crises, preparedness for potential new crises, and systematic improvements to procedure and operation of humanitarian aid organisations.
In 2019, the United Nations and other humanitarian organisations will aim to assist close to 94 million people and will require more than $21.9 billion to do so. In order for aid organisations to react quicker and perform better, predictive data will be used to trigger funding for early action response to emergencies caused by extreme weather, and to mitigate food insecurity.
Addressing root causes to vulnerability will also be a key factor in supporting the progress of Sustainable Development Goals, which will require coordination with development and humanitarian organizations throughout the coming year.
With respect to continuing food scarcity, the World Bank, UN, and private organizations aim to help use strategic financing and early warning signs to tackle these types of crises before they reach critical levels. They have developed the Famine Action Mechanism (FAM) to do so, which was launched in September 2018. FAM will be implemented in 2019 to tackle the root causes of famine and help build livelihoods, safety nets and stronger coping skills of local communities.
With conflict accounting for the majority of needs for humanitarian assistance, stronger efforts in areas of conflict prevention are required for 2019. Addressing the root cause of conflict and preventing new crises is of the utmost importance for, especially to ensure that ongoing crises are able to be dealt with effectively. Efforts to work in partnership and strengthen local and national capacities to prevent, prepare for, and respond to crises will continue to be a priority.
For 2019, it is estimated that six crises will be responsible for 54% of all people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection: Yemen, Syria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Sudan. In these protracted emergencies, humanitarian organisations will consolidate efforts to provide life-saving aid and livelihood support, as well as reinforce protection activities.
“The humanitarian system is the most effective and impactful it has ever been. We are better at identifying different groups’ specific needs in crises and quicker to respond when disasters strike.” – United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock.
Despite progress in funding over the year, humanitarian needs remain extremely high and in 2019, nearly 132 million people in 42 countries around the world will need humanitarian assistance. As in 2018, in 2019 conflict and climate related disasters will remain the key driver for humanitarian aid.
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Photo courtesy of Arsenie Coseac via Flickr